- Diposkan oleh FK UII
Doctor is the oldest profession which is similar with judges in the law science. Both of profession was adjacent since past centuries ago. Because of this, neighboring aspect especially in creating of the first human, descent and also all of human role at that juncture. Both of, however, medicine and law have imperative in creating human life in harmony, welfare and joy in all of living aspects. Bioethics, say, as a multidisciplinary topic concern to unite medical, law, economic, biology and religion approaches to construct harmoniously the objective of human creation (purpose of life) with necessity of life from the inside of human. Medical approaches was built by empirical objectivity of biomedical science should be balanced with social-humanities approaches that featured either relativistic or plural could be done through bioethics approaches.
Bioethics divided into 4 terms, they are theoretical, clinic, regulation, policy and culture. Islam, as a truth religion, is the most fundamental bioethics rule for human life in order to construct right relationship, beauty and kind among Allah, mankind and environment in the past, today and future. Since UNESCO adopted The Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights on October, 19, 2005 in the 33rd general conference attended by 191 members, yet each countries morally have responsibility to enter content and principle of bioethics into national law rules for making policy about it. Despite of this Declaration is not binding and forcing based on the law. The declaration is important step in reaching minimal standard in biomedical research and clinical practice. The declaration was arranged by bioethics commission of UNESCO for developing concept ‘‘a worldwide common sense to foster understanding and cohesion in relation to new ethical categories and new practical possibilities emerging from science and technology’’.
Today, in the worldwide have 645 bioethics institutions distributed in 80 countries. However it is collecting in one database international bioethics with publication, research and training inside it. Indonesia as a part of UNESCO has moral responsibility to create and foster policy regarding bioethics for protecting citizen from exploitation and abuse on behalf of science and technology. Furthermore, it can stimulate natural diversity in research, medical practice, health services and utilization of sciences. Because of that, the Indonesia government has convinced to build national bioethics commission. This organization was built on September, 17, 2004 with joining three of ministries decision’s that are ministry of research and technology, ministry of health and agriculture.
This organization is aiming to facilitate discussing issues related to bioethics, giving consideration and advising to government and community to usage science technology for human protection and natural diversity in Indonesia. Indonesia, as a center of bioethics, however is still lacking on institution focusing on bioethics. According data, only some universities have organization such as UGM, UI, UNAIR and UNHAS. Special for private university only UNIKA ATMAJAYA whose bioethics institution with K. Bertens as an expert and referral for whom interested in bioethics, students and lecturer for instance. Ironically, Islamic University is still left behind to respond issues related to Islamic bioethics approaches. UIN Sunan Kalijaga Jogjakarta, although fully active in bioethics international forum in global ethics forum (Globethics) and creating essays and books that could be accessed through library www.globethics.net, unfortunately, it is seem liberal.
According Brock (1999), bioethics is science related to issues in medicine and the impact from biology science development. He explained that there are 3 main issues in bioethics such as patients-medical professional relationship, justice related to medical sources and the issues related to impact of science, technology and biology like artificial reproduction and cloning for sure.
Islam as religion that comprehensive-holistic and perfections has uniqueness values system and universal character. Islam has point of view against life ethic and living including health and medicine. Islam is clearly differ between purpose of life and necessity of live. To make more understand, how Islam views about health services, yet will b conducted international conference with main theme “Future Challenges in Health Care : Islamic Bioethics and Islamic Medical Law Perspective”.
This agenda is presented to build center of Islamic bioethics and Islamic medicine law to bridge all thought about it, furthermore it will spreading ideas and research result with core value in advocacy that could be applied in Hospital, campus, community and daily activities. Generally, the purpose of this conference to assess Islamic bioethics and Islamic medical law in health services for Indonesia. Hopely, it can solving complexity of problems and giving alternatives solutions in health services.